Monkeypox is a rare but potentially serious disease that is caused by infection with the monkeypox virus.  Monkeypox is endemic in Central and West Africa. When cases are detected outside Africa, they are usually identified in returned travellers who visited endemic areas.

How is monkeypox Transmitted?
  • Monkeypox may be transmitted through skin-to skin contact, contact with infected surfaces or items, and respiratory droplets
  • It does not easily spread between people, as it usually requires very close contact.
Symptoms of Monkeypox

People with monkeypox develop a rash that can be painful and could affect any part of the body including:

  • genitals
  • area around the anus
  • inside the mouth
  • face
  • palms of the hands
  • soles of the feet.
The rash can be accompanied or preceded by general symptoms such as:
  • fever
  • chills
  • muscle aches
  • backache
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • exhaustion
  • headache
What to do if you develop symptoms

If you develop monkeypox symptoms, and particularly if you develop a rash you should isolate from others and seek medical care. Wear a mask and call your GP clinic.  If you have a rash or blisters, make sure these are covered.

Further information:

Department of Health: Monkeypox | 
The updated Health warning 20 August 2022: Health warning on monkeypox | 
The Better Health Channel: Monkeypox - Better Health Channel

Monkeypox is a notifiable condition as of 1 July 2022- surveillance data can be found at-